The Constitution forms the foundations of the United States federal government in that it created its basic structure. The federal government carries out roles assigned to it by the Constitution. It has three branches – legislative, judicial, and executive – which, between them, carry out governmental power and functions:
Under the system of separation of powers, each of these branches has some authority to act on its own, some authority to regulate the other two branches, and some of its own authority regulated by the other branches. In addition, the powers of the federal government as a whole are limited by the Constitution which leaves a great deal of authority to the individual states.
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