Who Were They?
British rock group. Perhaps the most influential band in the history of 20th-century popular music. Formed in Liverpool in 1960, The Beatles initially consisted of John Lennon (1940-80), Paul McCartney (1942- ), George Harrison (1943-2001), and Pete Best (1941- ). In 1962 Best was replaced by Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey, 1940- ). The Beatles' early style was US-derivative rhythm and blues blended with Lennon and McCartney's song-writing talent and attractive harmonies.
Between 1964 and 1970, they dominated pop music with 18 albums, including Revolver (1966) and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967). After 1966 they never publicly performed live. The group made four feature films: A Hard Day's Night (1964), Help! (1965), Magical Mystery Tour (1968), and Let It Be (1970). They also supplied the soundtrack for the cartoon Yellow Submarine (1968). In 1970 the Beatles disbanded to pursue individual careers.