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Evidence Based Practice

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Evidence Based Practice

NurseEvidence-based practice (EBP) is the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000). It is a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates the best evidence from research with a clinician's expertise and a patient's preferences and values (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015).

When delivered in a context of caring and in an organizational culture that supports EBP, the best patient outcomes are achieved. Although it is well recognized that EBP improves the quality and safety of health care as well as decreases hospital costs and patient morbidities, evidence-based care is not consistently implemented by point-of-care clinicians and health care systems across the United States.

Unfortunately, it typically takes well over a decade to translate findings from research into clinical practice to improve care and patient outcomes. Recognition of the long research–practice time lag resulted in the Institute of Medicine setting a goal that by the year 2020, 90% of clinical decisions will be supported by the best available evidence (Institute of Medicine, 2008).

Read more from CREDO EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE, Encyclopedia of Nursing Research. Must be on campus or log in with COM 

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